Performance of Rural Telecom Service in Nepal

NDCL:
Rural  service  was  expanded  in  Nepal  under  the  Fifth  Phase  Telecom  Project, through Japanese (JICA) and IDA (World Bank) fund. Country’s 75 district centres have automatic  telecommunications  service,  including  STD  and  ISD.  This  access  is  usually provided by NDCL or a privately operated public call office (PCO) or a phone shop. Sixty- eight district centers have communications services to some neighbouring VDCs by means

 

of 2 Mbps microwave links, MARTS, single channel VHF/UHF or Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) services. The following table summarizes the types of technology used to provide  telecommunications  services  to  the  VDCs  of  Nepal  as  of  12  April,  2008  (30
Chaitra, 2064).

Technology used by NDCL to serve VDCs
Digital C-DOT (wire line) exchanges21/3,676 (Exchange/Capacity)
MARTS158/1,086 (Marts Terminals/ Telephone Subscribers)
VHF/UHF radio484 (Telephone Subscribers)
Digital microwave (JICA project)4/56 (Rural Station/Subscriber)
HF radio4
VSAT449/714 (Terminals/Telephone lines)
VDCs served with at least one PCO2990
Telex Service256/70 (Capacity/Distribution)

 

 

STM:


 
STM has now installed a total of 2638 PCOs in 636 VDCs of Nepal as of 12

 
April, 2008 through 871 VSAT terminals.
NDCL and STM have achieved the following rural service penetration levels as of 12 January, 2008 (30 Chaitra, 2064). Percentages identified in the table refer to the percentage of VDCs with at least one PCO in the specified region.
 

 

Region

 
Total
VDCs
VDCs Served with at least one PCO
By STM*By NDCL*
Nepal3,915

636

2990
Eastern Development Region893

532

Central Development Region1199

4

Western Development Region865

79

Mid-Western Development Region575

21

Far-Western Development Region383

* – some of the VDCs are overlapped

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